­ North Dakota Fair Debt Collection Practices Act | Stop Debt Collection Harassment
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North Dakota Fair Debt Collection Practices Act

Back To Statutes

North Dakota has not enacted a separate State law that is substantially different from
the FDCPA. The only specifications apply to debt collectors and collection licensing.
Nevertheless, the North Dakota’s ‘Code of Ethical Conduct’ attaches some practices
connected to Debt Collection that has been mentioned below.

CHAPTER 13-04-02

COLLECTION AGENCIES

13-04-02-01. Definitions

  1. 1. “Claim” means any obligation or alleged obligation out of a consumer transaction.
  2. 2. “Debt collection” means any action, conduct, or practice of soliciting claims for collection or in the collection of claims owed or due or alleged to be owed or due a creditor by a consumer.
  3. 3. “Debt collector” means any collection agency and any person engaging directly or indirectly, in debt collection, and includes any person who sells, or offers to sell, forms represented to be a collection system, device, or scheme, intended or calculated to be used to collect claims; except attorneys at law, licensed real estate brokers, banks, trust companies, building and loan associations, abstract companies doing an escrow business, creditors collecting their own debts, individuals or firms who purchase or take accounts receivable for collateral purposes, individuals employed in the capacity of credit person upon the staff of an employer not engaged in the business of a collection agency, or any public officer, receiver, or trustee acting under the order of a court.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented:
NDCC 13-05-01, 13-05-02, 13-05-03, 13-05-04, 13-05-05,
13-05-06, 13-05-07, 13-05-08, 13-05-09, 13-05-10

13-04-02-02. Prohibited advertising and communications

No collection agency or debt collector shall:

  1. 1. Publish or cause to be published any list of debtors, except for credit reporting purposes, advertise or threaten to advertise for sale any claim as a means of forcing payment thereof, or use similar devices or methods of intimidation.
  2. 2. Communicate with debtors in a misleading or deceptive manner by using the stationery of a lawyer, forms or instruments which only lawyers are authorized to prepare, or instruments which simulate the form and appearance of judicial process.
  3. 3. Exercise authority on behalf of a creditor to employ the services of lawyers unless the creditor has specifically authorized the agency in writing to do so, and the agency’s course of conduct is always consistent with a true relationship of attorney and client between the lawyer and the creditor.
  4. 4. Refuse to return any claim or claims and all valuable papers deposited with a claim or claims upon written request of the creditor, claimant, or forwarder after tender of such amounts due and owing to the agency within thirty days after such request; neglect, refuse, or intentionally fail to account to its clients for all money collected within forty-five days from the last day of the month in which the same is collected; or refuse or fail to furnish at intervals of not less than ninety days upon written request of the claimant or forwarder, a written report upon claims received from such claimant or forwarder.
  5. 5. In collection letters or publications, or in any communication, oral or written, threaten wage garnishment or legal suit without an objective intention to engage a lawyer and commence legal action upon the debtor’s failure to comply with the request or demand made.
  6. 6. Use or employ constables, sheriffs, or any other officer authorized to serve legal papers in connection with the collection of a claim, except when performing their legally authorized duties.

History: Amended effective

July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-02

13-04-02-03. Debt collectors – Approval – Certificate

Licensed collection agencies may only appoint debt collectors who are of good moral
character, are knowledgeable in collection agency practices and ethics, have a good
credit reputation, and have a reputation for fair and honest dealings. The name and
address of a person appointed as a debt collector must be forwarded to the
department by the licensed collection agency. The department, upon request
by a collection agency located in North Dakota, may issue an identification card
bearing the name of the debt collector and the name of the licensed collection
agency. All debt collectors’ identification cards are issued for an indefinite period. The
identification cards of all debt collectors which are issued must be canceled and turned
in to the department if the debt collector ceases to be employed by a licensed agency
or upon cancellation of the agency’s license.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984; July 1, 1998.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-03(4)

13-04-02-04. Prohibited practices

No debt collector may:

  1. 1. Perform legal services, furnish legal advice, or falsely represent, directly or by implication, that the debt collector is an attorney.
  2. 2. Solicit assignments of claims for the purpose of suit or at the instigation of an attorney.
  3. 3. Institute judicial proceedings on behalf of other persons except on an assigned claim.
  4. 4. Communicate with debtors in the name of an attorney or upon stationery or other written matter bearing an attorney’s name.
  5. 5. Make any demand for or payment of money constituting a share of compensation for services performed or to be performed by an attorney in collecting a claim.
  6. 6. Violate sections 804 through 810 of the Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act [Pub. L. 90-321; 91 Stat. 876 through 880; 15 U.S.C.1692b through 1692h].

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984; October 1, 1997.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-05. Threats or coercion prohibited

No debt collector may collect or attempt to collect any money alleged to be due and owing by means of
any threat, coercion, or attempt to coerce. Without limiting the general application of the foregoing, no debt collector may:

  1. 1. Use, or expressly or implicitly threaten the use of violence or other criminal means, to cause harm to the person, reputation, or property of any person.
  2. 2. Accuse or threaten to accuse any person of fraud or any other crime, or any conduct which, if true, would tend to disgrace such other person, or in any way subject the person to ridicule or any conduct which, if true, would tend to disgrace the person, or in any way subject the person to the ridicule or contempt of society.
  3. 3. Make to another person, including any credit reporting agency, false accusations, or threats of false accusations, that a consumer is willfully refusing to pay a just debt.
  4. 4. Threaten to sell or assign to another the obligation of the consumer with an attending representation or implication that the result of such sale or assignment would be that the consumer would lose any defense to the claim or would be subjected to harsh, vindictive, or abusive collection attempts.
  5. 5. Threaten to take any action prohibited by law relating to the debt collector’s conduct on the rights and liabilities of all parties.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-06. Harassment or abuse prohibited

No debt collector may oppress, harass, or abuse any person in connection with the
collection of or attempt
to collect any claim alleged to be due and owing by that person or another. Without
limiting the general application of the foregoing, no debt collector may:

  1. 1. Use profane or obscene language or language that is intended to abuse the hearer or reader.
  2. 2. Place telephone calls without disclosure to the debtor of the caller’s true identity, including name and collection agency.
  3. 3. Cause expense to any person in the form of long distance telephone tolls, telegram fees, or other charge incurred by a medium of communications, by concealment of the true purpose of the notice, letter, message, or communication.
  4. 4. Cause a telephone to ring or engage any person in telephone conversation repeatedly or continuously, or at unusual times or times known to be inconvenient.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-07. Unreasonable publication prohibited

No debt collector may unreasonably publicize information relating to any alleged indebtedness or debtor.

Without limiting the general application of the foregoing, no debt collector may:

  1. 1. Communicate any information relating to a consumer’s indebtedness to any employer or the employer’s agent except as reasonably necessary for legal process or to effectuate a past judgment judicial remedy.
  2. 2. Disclose, publish, or communicate information relating to a consumer’s indebtedness to any relative or family member of the consumer, excluding the husband or wife, except through proper legal action or process or with the express consent of the debtor.
  3. 3. Disclose, publish, or communicate any information relating to a consumer’s indebtedness to any other person, by publishing or posting any list of consumers, commonly known as deadbeat lists, by advertising for sale any claim to enforce payment thereof, or in any manner other than through proper legal action, process, or proceeding.
  4. 4. Use any form of communication to the consumer, which ordinarily may be seen by any other person, that displays or conveys any information about the alleged claim other than the return address and phone number of the debt collector.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-08. Fraudulent, deceptive, or misleading representations prohibited

No debt collector may use any fraudulent, deceptive, or misleading representation or means to collect or attempt to collect claims or to obtain information concerning consumers. Without limiting the general application of the foregoing, no debt collector may:

  1. 1. Use any name while engaged in the collection of claims other than the debt collector’s true name unless the assumed name is registered with the department as an alias for the debt collector.
  2. 2. Make misleading representations in any communication made to collect or attempt to collect a claim or to obtain or attempt to obtain information about a consumer.
  3. 3. Falsely represent that the debt collector has information in the debt collector’s possession or something of value for the consumer in order to solicit or discover information about the consumer.
  4. 4.
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    Fail to clearly disclose the name and full business address of the person to whom the claim has been assigned or is owed at the time of making any demand for money.

  5. 5. Falsely represent or imply that any debt collector is vouched for, bonded by, affiliated with, or is an instrumentality, agent, or official of this state or any agency of federal, state, or local government.
  6. 6. Falsely represent the character, extent, or amount of a claim against a consumer, or of its status in any
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    legal proceeding.

  7. 7. Use, distribute, or sell any written communication which simulates or is falsely represented to be a document authorized, issued, or approved by a court, an official, or any other legally constituted or authorized authority, or which creates a false impression about its source, authorization, or approval.
  8. 8. Represent that an existing obligation of the consumer may be increased by the addition of attorney’s fees, investigation fees, service fees, or any other fees or charges when in fact such fees or charges may not legally be added to the existing obligation.
  9. 9. Falsely represent, or give a false impression about the status or true nature of or the services rendered by the debt collector or the debt collector’s business.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984; October 1, 1997.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-09. Unfair or unconscionable means prohibited

No debt collector may use unfair or unconscionable means to collect or attempt to collect any claim. Without limiting the general application of the foregoing, no debt collector may:

  1. 1. Seek or obtain any written statement or acknowledgment in any form that specifies that a consumer’s obligation is one incurred for necessaries of life where the original obligation was not in fact incurred for such necessaries.
  2. 2. Seek or obtain any written statement or acknowledgment in any form containing an affirmation of any obligation by a consumer who has been declared bankrupt, without clearly disclosing the nature and consequences of such affirmation and the fact that the consumer is not legally obligated to make such affirmation.
  3. 3. Collect or attempt to collect from the consumer any part or all of the debt collector’s fee or charge for services rendered.
  4. 4. Collect or attempt to collect any interest or other charge, fee, or expense incidental to the principal obligation unless such interest or incidental fee, charge, or expense is expressly authorized by law or by the agreement creating the obligation and legally chargeable to the consumer.
  5. 5. Communicate with a consumer whenever it appears that the consumer is represented by an attorney and the attorney’s name and address are known unless the attorney has failed to respond to a communication within thirty days or the debt collector has been advised by the debtor or attorney that the attorney no longer represents the debtor.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-10. Postal violations prohibited

No debt collector may use, distribute, sell, or prepare for use, any written communication that violates or fails to conform to United States postal laws and regulations.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-06

13-04-02-11. Trust account – Deposits – When to be made

The client’s share of collections must be deposited into a trust account in a financial institution insured by a federal agency within forty-eight hours.

History: Amended effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-07

13-04-02-12. Disbursements from the trust account.

Disbursements of twenty-five dollars or more from the trust account to clients must be made no later than thirty days after the monthly closing for the month in which the money was collected. Disbursements of less than twenty-five dollars must be made no later than sixty days after the monthly closing for the month in which any portion of the money was first collected.

History: Effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-07

13-04-02-13. Receipts for collection of currency and coin

No debt collector may accept currency or coin as payment for a claim without issuing an original receipt to the debtor and maintaining a duplicate receipt as a part of the debt collector’s permanent records.

History: Effective July 1, 1984.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-07

13-04-02-14. Statement furnished upon request

A collection agency, upon a written or oral request by the debtor, shall provide a written statement to the debtor indicating the current balance of the remaining debt, the total of all interest charged, and a record of all payments applied to that debt. The statement must include all activity since the debt was turned over to the collection agency or since the date of any previously furnished statement. A collection agency is not required to furnish a requested written statement more frequently than once every six months.

History: Effective October 1, 1997.
General Authority: NDCC 13-05-06
Law Implemented: NDCC 13-05-07

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